– Begonia Plant –
Begonia is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae. The genus contains 1,795 different plant species. The Begonias are native to moist subtropical and tropical climates.
Almost all homes have a place suitable for tuberous begonias. Places such as the north side of a building, under shade trees or in pots under a porch roof are perfect spots for planting begonias
Steps to grow Begonia plant.
- Fill a flat box or small pot with potting soil at least 2 ½ inches deep.
- Any porous, slightly acidic soil is satisfactory. Peat moss soil mixes are best to retain moisture and create slightly acidic conditions.
- Place the tubers hollow side up with the top just below the surface. Keep the soil moist but do not over-water before growth appears.
- The temperature of 72º F is ideal but slightly higher or lower temperatures are ok. In 2-3 weeks, after the sprouts emerge, be sure to provide ample light. They may be transplanted to an outdoor location any time after good root development is apparent and top growth is not more than 4 to 5 inches tall.
Care about Begonia Planting
Begonias do best in high filtered light throughout the day. In cooler climates, begonias can tolerate more sun. An eastern exposure is acceptable, receiving full sun in the morning with afternoon shade. It is best not to plant in full shade.
Begonias need to be kept moist at all times. Begonias prefer cool, moist conditions. Spraying plants with water on hotter days will help maintain cool conditions. Avoid saturating the soil, over-saturating the soil will promote root.
Any mild fertilizer can be used at intervals throughout the season. A natural fertilizer such as fish emulsion is ideal. Use half rates if using chemical fertilizers to avoid salt burn. For best results, fertilize lightly in the first few weeks of planting to avoid an over-abundance of foliage growth and promote earlier bloom. Once blooms appear to begin regular fertilization. We recommend using Romeo Plant Food.
Begonias are susceptible to various fungi and bacteria. An environment with good airflow is essential to maintaining healthy plants. Prevention is the only cure for powdery mildew. Use fungicides only as directed on the label.
Natural approaches include 1 tablespoon baking soda in gallons of water, or 2 parts water to 1 part milk, or Neem Tree Oil as directed. A spray solution of your choice on begonias every 2 weeks.
In autumn after leaves turn yellow and the blooming season is over, water should be withheld and soil should dry completely. Tubers may be lifted or left in pots and stored in a cool, dry non-freezing place until planting time again next spring.
Picture Gallary of Begonia flowers